Founded as a Viking settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin became Ireland’s principal city following the Norman invasion. The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was, for a time, the second largest city in the British Empire before the Act of Union in 1800. Following Irish independence in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State and later the Republic of Ireland.
The city is listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city, with a ranking of “Alpha-“, placing it among the top thirty cities in the world. It is a historical and contemporary centre for education, the arts, administration, economy and industry.
Dublin has a world-famous literary history, having produced many prominent literary figures, including Nobel laureates William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett and Séamus Heaney. Other influential writers and playwrights include Oscar Wilde, Jonathan Swift and the creator of Dracula, Bram Stoker. It is arguably most famous as the location of the greatest works of James Joyce. Other renowned writers include J. M. Synge, Seán O’Casey, Brendan Behan, Maeve Binchy, Flann O’Brian and Roddy Doyle. Ireland’s biggest libraries and literary museums are found in Dublin, including the National Print Museum of Ireland and the National Library of Ireland. In July 2010, Dublin was named as a UNESCO City of Literature.
Dublin has a vibrant nightlife and is reputedly one of Europe’s most youthful cities, with an estimate of 50% of citizens being younger than 25.
Dublin experiences a maritime climate with cool winters, mild summers, and a lack of temperature extremes. The average maximum January temperature is 8.8 °C (48 °F), while the average maximum July temperature is 20.2 °C (68 °F). On average, the sunniest months are May and June, while the wettest month is October with 76 mm (3 in) of rain, and the driest month is February with 46 mm (2 in). Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.
Dublin has more green spaces per square kilometre than any other European capital city, with 97% of city residents living within 300 metres of a park area. The city council provides 2.96 hectares (7.3 acres) of public green space per 1,000 people and 255 playing fields.
The population of the administrative area controlled by the City Council was 525,383 in the 2011 census, while the population of the urban area was 1,110,627. The County Dublin population was 1,273,069 and that of the Greater Dublin Area 1,804,156.
Department of Foreign Affairs
Áras an Uachtaráin
Irish Visa Requirements
For those people wishing to visit Dublin, to compete in the Competition or to accompany a competitor, please note the visa entry requirement for the Republic of Ireland.
Please note that Ireland is NOT a signatory of the Schengen Agreement, and that a Schengen Visa does not necessarily allow a national of a country outside the European Union to enter Ireland. So, if you are from a country outside the European Union and you hold a Schengen Visa, if you wish to enter Ireland, please check on the Department of Foreign Affairs website if you require a separate Irish Visa.